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Austria

Things to Know

Republic of Austria
Federal Republic

Capital: Vienna 
Vienna is situated in the East of Austria away from the Alps.


Austria is a pipe-shaped, landlocked country in Europe.

 

Official Language: German
Visit Living Languge to learn some German words.

Currency: Euro

The Hapsburg dynasty dominated central Europe for close to 700 years from the 13th to the 20th century. 

Animals

Lippizaner (Lipizzaner)
Pure white horse, named after its place of origin in Lippiza, Slovenia. They are trained at the Spanish Riding School of Vienna.

Ibex (a mountain goat with huge curved horns) and chamois (horned goat antelope related to goats but having antelope-like features).

Explorers

Mary Kingsley (1862-1900) The greatest of all women explorers.

Sir Richard Francis Burton (1821-1890)

Dr. David Livingstone
(1813-1873) Explored the interior of Africa.

John Speke (1827 - 1864)
Discovered Lake Victoria the largest source of the Nile River.

Isabelle Eberhardt
(1877-1904) was an explorer who lived and traveled extensively in North Africa.

Climate

Cold winters with frequent rain in lowlands and snow in the mountains; cool summers with occasional showers.

Land

The two best known features of the Austrian landscape are the Alps and the Danube River. In the west and south is mostly mountains (Alps); along the eastern and northern margins is mostly flat or gently sloping land. The Alps cover 62 percent of Austria's total area.

The Danube River is the second longest river in Europe. The Danube River has its source in southwestern Germany and flows through Austria before emptying into the Black Sea. It is the only major European river that flows from west to east. The Danube River's importance as an inland waterway was enhanced by the completion in 1992 of the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal in Bavaria, which connects the Rhine and Main rivers with the Danube and makes possible barge traffic from the North Sea to the Black Sea.

Plants

Nearly half of Austria is forested, mainly with oak and beech at low altitudes; at higher elevations conifers predominate. Trees yield to Alpine meadows at just over 2000m and orchids, edelweiss and poppies become quite common.

Edelweiss picture
What is edelweiss?

Music

Austria has sometimes been called "the land of music."

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–91), a native of Salzburg, is considered one of the world's greatest composers.

Learn about Mozart's famous theme and variations on Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star.
The tune was an old French melody titled "Ah! Vous Dirai-Je, Maman" ("Shall I tell you, Mother?"). Mozart composed a set of 12 improvisations on "Ah! Vous Dirai-Je, Maman. The words to the song are from an early nineteenth-centry English poem, “The Star” written by Jane Taylor."Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star words."

Sängerknaben--World fame as the Vienna Boys' Choir.

Composer Franz Joseph Haydn --Regarded as the father of the symphony.

Johann Strauss the Younger is known as the Waltz King because of the many waltzes he wrote. Visit the Waltz History page to hear the famous Strauss waltz, "The Blue Danube," and other Strauss music.

Yodel

The Internet Yodel Course
Learn the noble art of yodeling in 10 free lessons.

Read

The Jackdaw and the Pigeons (Aesop).

Baroness Bertha von Suttner
Nobel Peace Prize winner.

Color Pages

Austria's Animals

Austria Flag

Mozart

Artist

Art History for Kids: Hundertwasser (has information and 2 art projects for older children)
Hundertwasser was born in Austria in 1928. He was one of the most important artists an architects during the 20 century.

Make

Austrian Christmas Tree Ornament

Hundertwasser Flowers (Lolipop Trees)
Wavy lines and lolipop trees.

Lollipop trees, in the style of Hundertwasser
Sponge paint background then add lolipop trees.

 

Building a Klimt

Children follow called out directions to create a picture in Gustav Klimt patterns. NOTE: Some of Gustav Klimt's works may not be suitable for young children be sure to review any of his works before showing to children.

 

 

Tree of Life-Klimt
Picture done in layers in the style of Gustav Klimt's Tree of Life painted in 1909.

 

 

Puzzles

Powder skiing

Ski Time

Wallpapers & Screensavers

Salzburg, Austria Wallpaper

Vienna Wallpaper

Fun Facts

History of PEZ
PEZ was created in 1927 by Edward Haas in Vienna, Austria.

Austrians pronounce their country's name Österreich (Ost-rike),
which means in German "kingdom of the east."

Recipes

Austria is famous for its cakes and pastries.

View

Detailed overview of Austria in the form of texts, pictures, sounds, and videos in 9 Austria Albums.

Austria Landmarks
Interactive map with virtual reality panoramas of some austrian towns and countryside.

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