Brazil -- School-age
Federative Republic of Brazil
Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world and covers three time zones.
It is the largest and most populous country in South America.
The largest city in Brazil is Sao Paulo.
The Brazil flag is green with a yellow diamond in the center. Inside the diamond is a blue globe with stars that make up the Southern Cross with some other constellations around it. The stars (constellations) on Brazil's flag was seen in Rio de Janeiro on the morning of 15 November 1889, the day the Brazilian Empire was replaced by a republic. Written in green is Ordem e Progresso ('Order and Progress').
Brazil has a large coastline along the Atlantic Ocean, stretching 7491 km (4655 miles) in length.
Brazil has the world's second longest river, the Amazon (after the Nile).
Official Language: Portuguese
Hello and Goodbye in Portuguese (with audio)
Brazil is the world’s leading coffee producer and one of the eight largest cocoa producers. The national beverage is coffee.
Brazil is known for the mining of precious gems; especially diamonds. Black diamonds are only found in Brazil and the Central African Republic. Brazil produces most of the world’s aquamarines, topazes, amethysts, tourmalines and emeralds.
The climate in Brazil is mostly tropical, but temperate in the south.
A biome is a specific environment that's home to plants and animals suited for that place and climate. Brazil is home six biomes.
The Amazon is the world's largest rainforest. Most of Brazilian wildlife is found in the Amazon.
The Cerrado region is a vast tropical savanna. It is the largest savanna region in South America. In its wooded grasslands and shrubbery large mammals can be found, jaguars, maned wolves, and giant anteaters.
The Caatinga is in the northeast of Brazil. It consist of dry lands and forest composed of stunted trees and thorny bushes.
The Pampa has dry grasslands and is a good area for raising cattle.
Pantanal is in the far west, along the border with Paraguay and Bolivia, It is a swampy area enclosed by mountains, one of the most extensive swamplands in the world.
The Atlantic region is located in a mountainous region near the Atlantic Ocean. It is the most populated with two of Brazil's largest cities, Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.
The Atlantic Forest has a variety of forest biomes from rainforest, humid tropical forests, low forests, and Mangrove swamps. It is a rainforest that is not as hot as the Amazon.
There are an enormous rich variety of plants and animals. An extraordinary number of species are found only in this are and nowhere else in the world. It contains a rich variety of flora and fauna. More than 50% of the trees and plants found here are only located in this area.
Brazil derives its name from the brazilwood tree.
There are a range of plants in Brazil that are found nowhere else in the world. About 55,000 plants are native to Brazil. Brazil has an impressive range of plants; 200 species of orchids, 390 variety of palms to 90m-tall hardwood trees.
Explore cacti and nature in Brazil.
An incredible mix of musical styles. Take a musical journey from the rainforests of the Amazon to the beaches of Rio de Janeiro. A reflection of the diverse music of Brazil.
Young Pele: Soccer's First Star
by Lesa Cline-Ransome
A picture book biography that tells of the struggles of Brazilian-born Pele. His rise from poverty to soccer stardom. The focus of the book is on Pele's childhood; a poor Brazilian boy who played barefoot with a ball that was a sock stuffed with rags. Who would become one of the greatest soccer player's of all time. An engrossing book that will grab children's attention.
Football (Soccer) is the most popular sport in Brazil.
Pelé (born Edson Arantes Do Nascimento) is a legend in Brazil and the best soccer player to ever play the game.
He was noted for his speed, balance, powerful shot and skillful ball control and for his spectacular goals. During his career Pele played in 1,363 games and scored 1,281 goals.
In 1993, Pelé was inducted into the National Soccer Hall of Fame.
Ronaldo (born Ronaldo Luís Nazário de Lima)is another Brazil soccer player that is considered one of the greatest soccer players.