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Middle Ages

Things to Know

The Middle Ages lasted approximately from 400-1500 AD.

The early Middle Ages begin in 400 AD and last until 1050 AD.

The period from 1050 to 1300 is generally considered the High Middle Ages. Western Europe rises as a great power with only China equaling it in political, economic and cultural flourishing. It also witnesses profound religious and intellectual change, including the organization of the papal monarchy.

The Late Middle Ages begins in 1300 AD and ends around 1500 AD.

*Bulletin Board

Decorate a bulletin board with themes such as dragons, castles, knights and any other main topics that the children would be interested in (like the food from the time/jousting and swords/damsels in distress). Have cut outs of these ready for the children to arrange one day, leaving enough space for them to add to the collage. Have children find pictures in magazines/items relating to knights/dragons/castles and bring to display on the board.



Reading Area

Add a large cardboard box (large appliance size) and decorated it like a castle; a flag on top with windows cut out and a mat inside to be used for either pretend play or a quiet place to read in the castle. Add books about the Middle Ages


Ghosts in the Castle
National Geographic tour of a castle.

Castles of Britain-Castle Learning Center
A lot of information on castles, even

Kids Castle
Click and explore a castle.

Build your own Medieval Castle

Download at Owl & Mouse Software site.

Build a Medieval Castle requires Windows and a printer, Free, 300k. Print out patterns for the castle. Color, cut-out, and assemble a unique paper castle.

Merlin’s Castle
Print out and make.

Destroy the Castle
Nova online game. Build your own virtual trebuchet.

Castles for Kids color pages.

*The Church

Notre Dame
Print a paper model

Easy Stained Glass
Need: construction paper, crayons

Fold the construction paper. Then fold the paper a number of times.
Unfold the construction paper and lay flat. Trace the fold lines with
a black crayon. Color the sections with a variety of colors of crayons.

Stained Glass Window
Need: black construction paper, variety of colors of tissue paper,
scissors, glue.

Trace your design of different shapes on the back of the
construction paper using a white crayon. Choose an easy
design such as a flower.

Cut out the shapes in your design, leaving space between
each shape. Glue tissue paper over the holes you cut out.
Hang in a sunny window.

Stained Glass Window
Need: pattern, tape, transparencies (for overhead projectors),
permanent markers (be careful)

Draw a pattern or print one. Tape the pattern to the table. Tape the transparencies over the patterns. Tape all four corners and be aware the tape will not come off the transparencies. It is best if the transparencies are slightly larger than the patterns.

Using permanent markers color in the areas of the pattern first. Then use a black permanent marker to trace the pattern lines. (use the black marker last so as not to dirty your other markers when coloring near the black marker lines.)

Remove the transparencies and trim into a circle. Hang in a window.

Stained Glass Patterns

Aanraku Free Patterns
Has a number of American theme patterns.

Chantel's Stained Glass Patterns
Large variety of patterns.

How to Make a Temporary Stained-Glass
Window From Tissue Paper

New York Carver
Picture tour of 28 Famous Cathedrals

English Cathedrals

Medieval Architecture in France
Images of medieval aart and architecture.

Gargoyle Coloring Page
A coloring page based on two stone gargoyles that sit perched atop the Cathedral of Notre Dame.


Design your own shield

Read "Heraldry" from Knights Treasure Chest and explain that the shields identified the knights in battle. The lion was the first symbol to appear on a shield.

Have the students design their own shield.

Knight's Code

Have children recite "The Knight's Code":
Click here for a printable version of "The Knight's Code"
a new window will open.

* Be always ready with your armor on, except when you are taking your rest at night.
* Defend the poor and help them that cannot defend themselves.
* Do nothing to hurt or offend anyone else.
 * Be prepared to fight in the defense of your country.
* At whatever you are working, try to win honor and a name for honesty.
* Never break your promise.
* Maintain the honor of your country with your life. Rather die honestly then live shamelessly.
* Chivalry requireth that youth should be trained to perform the most laborious and humble offices with cheerfulness and grace; and do good unto others.

Shields, Knights and Heraldry
Download at Owl & Mouse Software site.

Shields, Knights and Heraldry requires PC running Windows and a printer, Free, 285k.

Free software to print out shields and the elements of heraldry to create your own coat of arms. Learn the terminology and history of coats of arms.

The Princess, the Dragon and the Brave Knight
Read online.

Knight color page

Knight and armor color page

Medieval color pages

*Village Life

Medieval Games
Sports games, board games, and card games.

What was it really like to live in the Middle Ages?
Learn about the daily life in the Middle Ages and more.

Medieval Food
Read about the food of the Middle Ages.

Medieval Life Food
Read about the food of the Middle Ages and print a word search to do.

Medieval Recipes
Recipes have the original text with a modern adaptation.

Try Your Luck As A Medieval Musician
Listen to the sound of a medieval instrument and then try to determine which instrument, from those pictured, made that sound.

*Other Sites

What was it really like to live in the Middle Ages?
Learn about the daily life in the Middle Ages and more.

Ye Olde English Sayings
Explore the origins of words at Ye Olde English Sayings

Make a sundial
Types of Sundials
Six sundial projects for you to make

Beginner's Guide to Robin Hood
Meet the Merry Men, Robin Hood, and the various villains from these classic stories.

Who Was Robin Hood?
Who Is Robin Hood?

Robin Hood and the Monk legend

Candlelight Stories - The Legends of King Arthur

The Arthurian Legend for Kids

Royalty Themed Color Pages


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