Extreme heat and excessively dry are characteristic of
most of Saudi Arabia.
The shamal, sand-laden winds from the northern deserts, is most frequent in early
summer and can blow for days at 25-50 miles an hour.
Bedouins are nomads of the desert who inhabit the Middle East and North
Africa. They traditional herd animals such as camels and goats. Bedouin is an Arabic word that means "desert dweller."
More than half the area of Saudi Arabia is desert.
Eastern Saudi Arabia is flat and low-lying, an area of salt flats.
Its main geographical feature is the gigantic Al-Hasa
Across the north-west of the country stretches the Nafud desert. The center and north of Saudi Arabia is mostly gravel plains.
In the south is the Rub
Al-Khali (Empty Quarter), the largest sand desert in the world.
The desert comprises more than 25% of Saudi Arabia. It is extremely
dry and virtually uninhabited. Oil of excellent quality has been
Asir is the relatively fertile area of coastal mountains in the extreme
southwest of Saudi Arabia.