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22nd State (December 14, 1819), southern central U.S.

State Abbreviation: AL

Nickname: The Yellowhammer State, The Heart of Dixie, The Cotton State

Origin of Name: Choctaw tongue, translates the name as thicket clearers.





Alabama State Symbols:

Capital: Montgomery
Motto: Audemus jura nostra defendere We Dare Defend Our Rights
Alabama State Seal
Bird: Yellowhammer
Dance: Square Dance
Fish-Fresh Water: Largemouth Bass
Fish-Salt Water: Tarpon
Fossil: Basilosaurus cetoides
Flower: Camellia
Gemstone: Star Blue Quartz
Horse: Racking Horse
Insect: Monarch Butterfly
Mammal: Black Bear
Mineral: Hematite
Nut: Pecan
Rock: Marble
Shell: Scaphella junonia johnstoneae
Song: Alabama
Tree: Southern Longleaf Pine
Wildflower: Oak-leaf Hydrangea

Alabama State Symbols
Information Sheet
and Color Pages (pdf)


Things to Know

United States Senators from Alabama.

Alabama was home to the Creek Indians. The first known European explorers were of Spanish descent and arrived at in the 1500s, and later the French and English settled here. After the French and Indian War (1763) France gave its territory to England, but Spain held claim to the territory around Mobile.

In 1783, which officially ended the American Revolution, Spain gained Mobile, and the new United States received the rest of the present-day state. America in 1813 claimed Mobile as a part of the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, and drove the Spanish out of the area.

The Creek Indians lost their hold on the land due to General Andrew Jackson. Alabama was part of the Confederacy during the Civil War. In 1965, the Civil Rights Movement got its start in Montgomery when Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white person.

The deepest gorge in the U.S. east of the Rockies is at Little River Canyon near Fort Payne, Alabama.

The Boll Weevil Monument
The only memorial in the world which glorifies a pest - the Mexican Boll Weevil is located in Enterprise, Alabama.

Dothan Alabama is the Peanut Capital of the World. Fifty percent of all the peanuts produced in the U.S. are grown within 100 miles of Dothan.

Major Rivers: Tombigbee River, Alabama River, Tennessee River, Chattahoochee River.

Famous Alabamians:

Helen Keller, 1880-1968, author and educator about blindness

Coretta Scott King
Civil rights leader (with her husband, Martin Luther King, Jr.), Marion.

Rosa Parks, 1913-2005
Civil rights leader who refused to give up her bus seat to a white man, Tuskegee.

Hank Aaron, 1934
An American baseball player and member of the Baseball Hall of Fame. Aaron is best known for setting the Major League Baseball record for most home runs in a career (755).

Tuskaloosa, Choctaw chief

William Weatherford (Red Eagle) Creek Indian leader

Things To Do

Alabama State Bird and State Flower Printable Color Page.
Before printing under File in Page Setup set margins to zero.

Sites to See

Alabama Through the Ages
A timeline of Alabama history from prehistory to modern day.

Things To Do-Other Sites

Alabama State Quarter
Read about the Alabama State Quarter and print out the color page.

ADAH Youth Activity Sheets

Alabama Stat Flag Color Page

Create Edible Memories
Make a class cookbook and hold an "Eating Meeting."

Old Objects Crossword

American Indian Gallery Word Search

Selma to Montgomery March Word Search

Selma to Montgomery March Quiz

Alabama Map Outline


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