48th State (February 14, 1912), southwest U.S.
State Abbreviation: AZ
Nickname: Grand Canyon State
Origin of Name: Arizona comes from two Papago Indian words
meaning "little spring" or "young spring"
Arizona State Symbols:
Motto: Ditat Deus (God Enriches)
Arizona State Seal
of the Saguaro cactus
Official Neckwear: Bola
March Song and Arizona
Things to Know
United States Senators from Arizona.
Arizona is home to many Indian cultures such as the Apache and the
Navajo. Arizona has the largest Native American population of any
state. More than 14 tribes are represented on 20 reservations,
including part of the Navajo Nation, which is located in the Four
Corners region of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah.
Spanish treasure seekers from Mexico arrived in the area in the 16th
century, thus establishing Mexico's claim to the area. The area was
ruled by Spain until Mexico won its independence in 1821. Mexico
ceded the territory to the United States as part of New Mexico during
the Mexican-American War of 1848. The Gadsden Purchase, an area south
of the Gila River, was added in 1853. Arizona was organized as a
territory in 1863 and became the 48th state in 1912.
The Gila Monster Lizard is named for the Gila River in Arizona.
Arizona is full of beautiful natural attractions like the Grand
Canyon and the Petrified Forest. It is also home to the old
Major Rivers: Colorado River, Little Colorado River, Gila River, Bill Williams River
Chavez, labor leader
Things to Do
Arizona State Bird and State Flower Printable Color Page.
Before printing under File in Page Setup set margins to zero.
Sites to See
about split twig figurines.
Your Own "Split Twig Figurine"
Grand Canyon History
The Geology of the Grand Canyon
Information about how the Grand Canyon was formed,
what type of rock it is composed of and why it looks the way it does.
in the Grand Canyon-PBS
Experience the Grand Canyon with an historical
timeline and maps of the region.
Grand Canyon Explorer
Information about the Grand Canyon with photographs.
The Sonoran Desert
Find information about the Desert's Wildlife.
Plants & Wildflowers
Find information on a plant or a wildflower.
Learn facts about the plants and animals found in the Sonoran Desert.
Sonoran Desert - DesertUSA
All you ever wanted to know about the Sonoran Desert
Sonoran Desert - 5000 Square Miles of Silence
Forest National Park- Geology
Forest National Park
The 93,533 acres of Petrified Forest which contain America's largest
deposits of petrified wood, a rich and colorful desert, many fossils
of dinosaurs and other creatures, and more than 500 archaeological
sites including amazing petroglyphs left by ancient cultures.
and Amphibians of Arizona
Things To Do-Other Sites
Read about the Arizona State Quarter and printout the color page.
A fun and informative site on Arizona history, with printouts and more for 3rd and 4th-grade students and educators. Arizona Fun & Facts coloring book at GilaBen.
Arizona BLM Coloring
Need: Adobe Acrobat Reader
A 27 coloring and activity book in PDF format from the Arizona Bureau
of Land Management. Color and learn all about Arizona public lands.
Arizona Animals color pages
Arizona State Flag color page
Arizona State Seal color page
Kachina Doll Craft