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United Mexian State
Estados Unidos Mexicanos

Things to Know

Capital: Mexico City

Mexico is located on the continent of North America. Most Geographers do not consider Mexico a part of Central America. Mexico is in North America. Map of Mexico

Mexico is an immense area flanked by mountain ranges, low coastal plains, desert landscapes, and snow-capped volcanoes. Two of the highest volcanoes ( Popocatepetl and Iztaccihuatl) are near Mexico City. Mountain ranges fall sharply off to narrow coastal plains in the West and East. The Sierra Madre Occidental is in the west and the Sierra Madre Oriental is in the east., which meet in the Southeast.



Because of the wide range of temperature, the plants of Mexico are extremely varied. In the North are cactus, yucca, agave, and mesquite. There are tropical jungles in some areas.

The tomato is native to western South America and Central America. The English word tomato comes from the Spanish word, tomate, from the Nahuatl language (Aztec language) of Central Mexico. It was changed to tomagte in Spanish and then changed to tomato in English.


National Animals of Mexico: Golden Eagle (national bird), Xoloitzcuintli (national dog), Grasshopper (national arthropod), Jaguar (national mammal), Vaquita (national marine mammal), and Green turtle (national reptile).

Noteworthy Animals in the Yécora Area
View forest animals in the Sierra Madre Occidental of Eastern Sonora, Mexico.

The monarch butterfly migrates to Mexico from Canada and the USA every year.

Volcano Rabbit

The volcano rabbit is one of the smallest rabbits in the world
It is a rare rabbit found in Mexico in areas near volcanoes.



Things to Know

Roman Catholicism is the faith of more than 90 percent of the people.

The prevailing and official language is Spanish. Learn some useful expressions in Spanish.

The Plaza de Toros in Mexico City is the largest bullfighting ring in the world.

The flag of Mexico is three equal vertical bands of green , white, and red; the coat of arms (an eagle perched on a cactus with a snake in its beak) is centered in the white band.

Many different cultures existed in various parts of Mexico: the Olmecs, the Teotihuacans, the Maya, the Mixtecs, the Zapotecs, the Tarascans, the Totonacs and the Aztecs.

The Rio Grande (Rio Bravo in Mexico) is the river that forms the border between Texus, USA and Mexico. The Rio Grande originates high in San Juan Mountains of southwestern Colorado in the United States. It flows through New Mexico before becoming the boundary between Texas and Mexico. The Rio Grande makes a big bend emptying into the Gulf of Mexico at Brownsville, Texas and Matamoros, Mexico.

Mexico Map

Welcome to Mexico
(school site)

Primary Global Eye-Mexico (UK Site)

Discovering Mexico
National Geographic

*The Classical Period 300-900 CE

A major region of Mayan development was the Yucatan peninsula making up the southern and eastern portions of modern-day Mexico.

Sites to See
Maya Mathematics

Maya Ruins
A photographic tour of several fascinating archaeological sites in Mexico, Guatemala and Belize.

Maya Adventure
The Science Museum of Minnesota web site highlights science activities and information related to ancient and modern Maya culture.

*The Post-Classical Period 900-1521 CE

The Aztecs were an advanced native population in Mexico.

Ancient Mexico
Interactive map about the Aztecs, Mayas, and the predecessors.
A flash presentation of the "Fall of the Aztecs" and more.

Aztecs referred to themselves as the Mexica or Tenochca. A small, nomadic tribal people. The Aztecs finally settled on small islands in Lake Texcoco (modern-day Mexico City).

The Aztec Calendar
The Aztec civilization developed an amazing calendar that was even more accurate than the one we use today.

Hernán Cortés A Spanish adventurer and conquistador who overthrew the Aztec empire and claimed Mexico for Spain (1519-21).

* 1800's

Mexico fights for and wins independence from Spain in 1821.

In 1836, Texas declared its independence from Mexico. Mexicans and Texans battle at the Alamo and San Jacinto.

The Alamo
Read documents, background history, the events leading up to the siege and about the heroes and legends such as Davy Crockett and Sam Houston.

In 1836, the USA wins the Mexican-American war and gains Mexican territory including what are now: Nevada and Utah, parts of Arizona, New Mexico, Wyoming and Colorado.

The battle of Puebla in 1862 was the victory of the Mexican Army over the French. The holiday Cinco de Mayo honors this battle.

* Artist

Diego Rivera
Considered the greatest Mexican painter of the twentieth century.

Smithsonian Institution--Corridos sin Fronteras
Mexico has recorded her triumphs, defeats, determination, and daily life through narrative songs called corridos. Listen and sing along to songs from a timeline of Mexico's history.

Mexican Regional listen to the Music of Mexico at National Geographic

*Things to Do

Mexico Word Search

Aztec Mythical Creatures Color Page

Decorative Studded Beaded Dish
Need: paper plates, paper cups, seed beads or paint.

Use a large sturdy paper plate. Draw a simple flower design in the center of the plate with a pencil. Add a wavy design around the rim.

Pour white glue into paper cups. Paint a thick layer of glue into the petals of the flowers. Carefully drop colored seed beads onto the glue petals. Glue seed beads in the center of the flower.

Paint glue over the wavy line. Drop seed beads onto the glue. Let the glue dry overnight. Shake to remove any loose beads.

The children could also paint the flower and wavy line designs on the paper plates.

Yarn Art Painting
Need: posterboard or cardboard, yarn in bright colors

Draw a simple picture on cardboard (a picture of something from nature works great such as a butterfly). Brush on glue. Then lay yarn on the lines. Fill in the picture with yarn in squiggles and circles.

How to Make a Mexican Paper Flower

Make a paper bag poncho

Ojo de Dios
An ancient symbol made by the Huichol Indians.

Paper Bag Pinata
Use lunch sacks and tissue paper.

How to Make Donkey Pinata

Make a Day of the Dead Pancho Skeleton Puppet

There are many festivals in Mexico where people like
to dress up. Many people wear big hats called sombreros.
Mexican Sombrero Craft (need adult help with this)

Mexico word search

*Color Pages

Mexico Flag


Chihuahua wearing sombrero


Mexican Recipes
A variety of recipes. Corn is one of the most important foods in Mexico. The basis of native Mexican cooking was, and still is, corn-made tortillas.

*See Also

A to Z Kids Stuff Mexican Christmas

Cinco de Mayo

*Stories to Read

Mexican Fairytales

Mexican Myans


Maya & Migual Games Pbs

Tec's Challenges
Test your knowledge of Aztec music. Play a memory game.

The Mesoamerican Ballgame
A Sport of Life and Death
The first team sport in history. Explore and experience the game.

Mexico Flag Puzzle

Cactus Puzzle

*Fun Facts

Mexican Jumping Beans
Learn why these beans jump.


A journey through Mexico and Central America.




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